Accounting Dynamics (AD) is a methodology of accounting as social science. We studied Accounting Dynamics from 1982 to 1994. We first proposed the concept of Accounting Dynamics on International System Dynamics Conference in 1987 . We interrupted the study for a long time, because there were some difficulties to develop the real Accounting Dynamics models. The concept is still reasonable and so attractive that we have reviewed Accounting Dynamics again. This is first step to restart the project and show you Accounting Dynamics in order to organize the SIG. This paper shows what is "Accounting Dynamics" clearly.
There are many studies exploring the reasons behind failures in solving generic system dynamics (SD) problems such as stock- flow (SF) failure. Although they reach some limited associations, they do not find any significant cognition related factor explaining the variation in failures except the positive impact of visual saliency of the problem displays. In present study we put forward the question Does cognitive problem solving capability improve progressively? So, we prepare a performance sheet including two parts. First part consists of simpler SF problems and second part contains more complex ones. Then we ask these questions to motivated undergraduate industrial engineering students. Sample of participants consists of two groups. First group is SD educated and second group is not SD educated. We see that while some individuals are performing well in solving more complex SD problems, others are performing well in simpler ones, and ability to solve more complex problems is not dependent on performance in solving simpler ones. But we find associations between capabilities of solving two different more complex SF problems each other. We also see that SD education increases the capability of solving more complex SF problems but does not affect the capability of solving simpler SF problems.
Inter-firm trust is an essential element in supplier relationship that shapes the collaboration and coordination between suppliers and buyers. In this paper, we use system dynamics as an approach and perspective to analyze the evolutionary process of supply chain collaboration. Use a valve manufacturing firm as an illustrative case, this paper illustrates how a buyer firm in a networked supply chain unexpectedly harmed the inter-firm trust between the buyer and its suppliers that further resulted in the collapse of the relationships among them. Based on the quantitative system dynamics model developed, this paper argues and shows that supply chain relationships may be more complex than the consideration of transaction costs. Path dependency of the make or buy decision may exist and drive a supply chain to evolve over time. Buyers and suppliers rational decisions to reduce their own risks and to optimize efficiency may not only interfere with the benefits of the other side but also entrap a long existed supply chain to collapse. From the economic perspective, how to balance the time required for capacity expansion and the time for suppliers to develop new customers is of the essence in such a vulnerable supply chain setting.
Presented here are strategic planning tools used at a State University, College of Business. Four distinct tools are presented: The Strategic Initiative Scoring Model, which communicates how the college strategic planning execution projects fit the strategic priorities of the Universitys mission statement & strategic plan; the college Strategic Risk Planning Matrix, which describes both risk assessments and risk management plans; the college Strategic Planning (SD) Model, which is used by administrators to assess impacts from proposed or mandated changes in budgets, admissions, Student-Faculty Ratio targets, and faculty hiring/attrition; and the Strategic Performance Indicator matrix, used to monitor performance and drive the creation of new projects to be assessed in the Strategic Initiative Scoring Model.
Human resource requirements planning for nursing capacity has traditionally focused on expected utilization or demand and largely ignored the complex workplace policies. The approach taken in this research emphasizes the interaction of policies affecting compensation, work intensity, task satisfaction and career progression on hiring and retention the flows that determine the stock of nurses. Based on research conducted with Singapore Ministry of Health, we describe how policy changes influence employment levels at care venues over a strategic time horizon. To answer three research questions posed by experienced planners and managers, we employ a System Dynamics model to test and explain the implications of alternative policy choices.
A water cycle analysis System Dynamics model for designing an optimal reclaimed water production scheduling is proposed. A water cycle has various types of water flow and storage, so System Dynamics is suitable for modeling and simulating it. In addition, by using System Dynamics modeling software, various types of models for water cycle analysis can be modeled comparatively easily and used to design an optimal scheduling. The model must be able to analyze water quality and energies for water distribution and treatment as well as water flow and storage in order to schedule optimal production. It therefore consists of three components: water flow, water quality, and energy models. We constructed a water flow model that can handle various types of water flow. The Energy model computes the energy consumption of the pumps and blowers used in water distribution and water treatment systems, and the water quality model computes the water quality of treated wastewater and reclaimed water. Our constructed model was used to schedule water reclamation production to reduce the energy consumed during the water reclamation process and to ensure high quality of the reclaimed water. Simulation results showed that the proposed model is effective for designing an optimal scheduling.
Methods of systems analysis were applied to the illness multiple sclerosis (MS). By mapping causality among the many causes affecting multiple sclerosis, we have been able to show that it is a systemic illness, with multiple interacting causes and mechanisms. By using causal-loop diagrams we synthesized a systemic picture of MS in which the role of allergies, pathogens, molecular mimicry, venous vascular dynamics, membrane stability, immune system, and oxidants-antioxidant dynamics were integrated. There are important components that make up MS:
The TETRA-model has been built to predict the modern occurrence of ancient Athenian tetradrachm silver coins in quantitative terms, based on their original minting volumes an antiquity and the processes of their loss and destruction, as well as the process of finding them in modern times. The conceptual model was developed as causal loop diagrams and flow charts, based on Athenian siver mining dynamics, the minting process, the circulation in trade and finance in ancient Athens, rates of wear and loss of coinage, corrosion of coins in the buried state, modern retrieval rates and dynamic turnover in the numismatic market, as well as deposits into collections and museums. A systems dynamics model was programmed in the STELLA modeling environment and implemented for 500 years of Athenian coin production (526 BC to 42 AD) and preservation and retrieval until the present (526 BC to 2010 AD). The TETRA model was tested against independent estimates of past and present coin volumes, treasure finds, museum stocks. The model seems to work well in tests against independent estimates. The approximate number of coins surviving until today for the different types such as archaic owls, classical owls, transitional owls, heterogeneous owls and new style owls were predicted well within the estimates derived through other means and museum inventories (r2=0.82).