One of the excellence enablers is KM . In order to evaluate the KM processes, a comprehensive model is required, which should be able to capture all aspects of KM. One of such models is KMAT . This research exploits system dynamics in order to measure the effects of KM on business excellence with a combination of KMAT and EFQM .Relationships between KM and EFQM are analyzed and demonstrated by means of the literature reviews, expert interviews and system dynamics .The results of this study could be useful for knowledge management planners and managers in organizations.
The Brazilian program for sugarcane ethanol has been greatly successful since its inception about 40 years ago. But the road has been bumpy and today there are still major problems with price, supply and demand stability. This paper describes a research with the objective to propose policies by the government to stabilise and foster the Ethanol market in Brazil. The policies are tested by simulation. For that purpose a system dynamics model was built and calibrated to mimic the industry. Once the model is considered robust, it is used to test several proposed policies under different macroeconomic scenario forecasts. Historical evidence and the simulations suggest that the dynamics in the system are highly important in defining prices and other important variables. As one example, periods of high growth tend to negatively influence productivity after five to six years via a decreased investment in crops renovation which may create long term cycles. The effects of long term dynamics are mixed with several short and long term cycles typical of commodities markets and the combination increases complexity exponentially. Simulation can be a crucial tool for understanding causality and planning sound policies for the medium to long terms.
This paper is about the shortage of water resources in the central part of Iran -Isfahan while the region faces rapidly growth of the population. The study utilizes the system dynamics approach. The model consists of the following three main parts: water consumption, water resources and population. We will account for the current policies and the current population growth rate in hope of preventing a catastrophic failure in less than two decades from now. So, emigration, birth control policies and major changes in the consumption style are evaluated.
The Veterans Administration faces growing dissatisfaction with the delivery of one of its key services, Compensation and Pension (C&P). This paper focuses on the system surrounding the administration of C&P exams, which determine the extent of a veterans service-related disability. Many VHA facilities nation-wide are experiencing increasing service delays, along with reductions in exam quality and patient satisfaction. A system dynamics model was developed to determine the relationships between operational policies, management decisions, and process outcomes, and calibrated with data from one New England-area VA hospital. Simulation of system performance under various demand scenarios reveal the extent of the implicit the trade-off between resource flexibility, clinic utilization rates and patient wait-times. These scenarios are used to develop strategic policies to improve resource allocation and increase timeliness under highly variable demand conditions. Furthermore, alternate staffing models were tested against historic demand patterns, providing quantitative evidence for system redesign.
Shareholder Value (SHV) and value-based management (VBM) are blamed for causing short-termism of investors and managerial myopia. Empirical evidence states decreased holding periods of stocks by investors, increased discount rates and widespread adoption of earnings management. While this supports the existence of short-termism and myopia, it does not clarify its causes. What is missing is: do shareholder value and value-based management cause short-termism in the behavior of investors and managers? The paper uses System Dynamics to model both concepts and to try to explain short-termism and myopia as endogenous outcome of these concepts. The main result is, that, given uncertainty of outcomes of managerial action managers will have incentives to engage in short-termism. Since SHV raises target hurdles which increases pressure on managers, short-termism is a direct consequence of SHV itself. The contribution to the debate on short-termism is to better understand the role of SHV and VBM in explaining short-termism and to direct future empirical research as well as advancing modeling of SHV and VBM.
The sophistication of schools texts has been declining for more than 100 years in the U.S. Coincidentally, student capabilities and measured verbal achievement have been declining, certainly since the 1950s and probably since 1900. This investigation built a tiny model representing the famous sliding goals archetype tracing back to Forrester's Market Growth paper, and fit the model beautifully to the data. The fit is very dramatic and persuades everyone who sees it that the sophistication of texts and student SAT verbal scores are linked in a sadly sliding long-term pattern. But the fit, derived by robust and correct procedures, is fundamentally flawed, and the lovely fit to data is grossly misleading. This presentation will reveal the entire sad story, with implications for wise practice in the field.
Tourism is an important industry in many developing countries. In the past few decades, the issue of how to minimize the negative effects of tourism on natural and cultural environments and maximize its positive effects on economic development has been a major topic for tourism researchers and practitioners. Successful tourism-related policies not only can deliver economic benefits to communities, regions, and countries, but also can facilitate their sustainable economic, environmental, and cultural development. Within this context, it is important for policy-makers to incorporate sustainable initiatives into tourism-related policy making. The question of how policy-makers can incorporate sustainable initiatives into tourism-related policy making in a way that will allow them to develop implementable policies and achieve sustainable tourism is, however, not a simple question to answer. Since tourism practices are depicted as processes that reflect different competing interests and values, in order to incorporate sustainable initiatives into tourism-related policy making and achieve sustainable tourism, the first step should be understanding different competing interests and values and their possible contributions to sustainable tourism. This study is aimed at contributing to this area by investigating tourism stakeholder groups interests and values and their influences on tourism development through a system dynamics approach.
Climate change (CC) mitigation and adaptation are preeminent goals of the European Union (EU) because there is a need to produce and consume in harmony with the global ecosystem that sustains us. To achieve those goals, the EU has set a target of ten percent green house gas emissions reduction in the agricultural sector relative to 2005 levels by 2020. The development of optimal strategies to meet that goal is the responsibility of each individual country, which suggests that country-specific research on the topic is needed for policy makers. Spain presents a unique setting for the study of optimal CC strategies because its agricultural sector is diverse and highly threatened by CC. This paper develops a continuous dynamic model in order to elucidate the current and emergent relationships and behaviors between the agricultural sector and its direct natural resources, human capital and social capital. The final aim is to identify efficient CC mitigation and adaptation strategies for the short and long run that consider the relationships between economic, natural and social systems. The model structure is based on the Spanish AgroSAM (social accounting matrix), extended with natural resource, human capital and social capital satellite accounts, and converted into a general disequilibrium model.
Detailed individual level simulation models are needed for better policy analysis to combat the costly obesity trends. Current models largely focus on adulthood and do not capture variations across individuals. In this paper I develop a simple simulation model spanning the full life cycle of an individual that captures both weight changes and growth in height. The model is tested for consistency with growth charts, robustness under different energy intake scenarios, and consistency with other empirical sources including a previous model from the literature and the experience of a lost ocean traveler. The results suggest the model structure is capable of capturing the key trends in growth and weight dynamics, however better data sources are needed to estimate a few of the model parameters empirically.