John H. Herz Papers, 1917-2005
- Herz, John H., 1908-2005
- The John H. Herz Papers consist of documents and autobiographical materials, professional and personal correspondence, copies of Herz's published and unpublished writings, texts of numerous speeches and lectures, teaching materials, as well as Herz's research collections on topics relating to his writings and lectures.
- 31 cubic ft.
- English and English German
- Preferred citation:
- Preferred citation for this material is as follows: and Identification of specific item, series, box, folder, John H. Herz Papers 1917-2005 (GER-015). M. E. Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives, University Libraries, University at Albany, State University of New York (hereafter referred to as the John H. Herz Papers).
Access and Use
- Conditions Governing Access:
Access to this record group is unrestricted.
The researcher assumes full responsibility for conforming with the laws of copyright. Whenever possible, the M.E. Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives will provide information about copyright owners and other restrictions, but the legal determination ultimately rests with the researcher. Requests for permission to publish material from this collection should be discussed with the Head of Special Collections and Archives.
- Scope and Content:
The John H. Herz Papers consist of 31 cubic feet of materials. The collection includes documents and autobiographical materials (including his autobiographyVom Überleben), professional and personal correspondence, copies of his published and unpublished writings (manuscripts, typescripts, reprints and books), texts of numerous speeches and lectures (published and unpublished), teaching materials, as well as Herz's research collections on topics relating to his writings and lectures. The collection contains a nearly complete collection of Herz's writings spanning six decades from his early years in Germany and Switzerland to his later years in the United States after his forced emigration in 1938.
- Biographical / Historical:
John H. Herz was born as Hans Herz in Düsseldorf, Germany to Carl and Elizabeth Aschaffenburg Herz on September 23, 1908. Herz received his grammar school and high school education in Düsseldorf and graduated from the Städtisches Realgymnasium zu Düsseldorf in 1927. Herz continued his studies at the Universities at Freiburg im Breisgau, Heidelberg, Berlin and Cologne, and graduated with a degree in public law from the University of Cologne in 1931 under the direction of Hans Kelsen. From 1931 to 1933, Herz served in the courts of Düsseldorf as Gerichtsreferendar (clerk), until the Nazi racist laws forced his dismissal in 1933. Even after his dismissal in 1933, Herz continued to work as an attorney's assistant to a private firm in Düsseldorf until 1935, when he was able to immigrate to Switzerland under a student visa. For the next three years, Herz worked as a translator for the International Labour Office in Geneva, while at the same time attending the Institut Universitaire de Hautes Études Internationales. Herz received a "diplôme" from the institute in 1938 with a thesis entitled The National Socialist Doctrine of International Law and published in the same year under the pseudonym Eduard Bristler.
In 1938, Herz emigrated to the U.S. and began his U.S. career as John H. Herz at the Institute of Advanced Studies in Princeton, New Jersey, where he remained for the next three years. In 1941, he married Anne Klein and accepted a position as an Instructor in Government at Howard University in Washington, D.C., where he remained until 1952. During his years in Washington, Herz became an American citizen in 1944 and also served as a political analyst in the Central European Section of the Office of Strategic Services and for the U.S. Intelligence and Research Office of the Department of State, as well as continuing to write and publish in the fields of political science and international politics. In 1951, Herz received the Woodrow Wilson Foundation Book Award for his publication, Political Realism and Political Idealism, and in 1952, with co-editor Gwendolen Carter, published the first edition of the textbook, Major Foreign Powers, which was reprinted 5 additional times (1952, 1957, 1962, 1967 and 1972).
In 1952, John Herz accepted a position as Associate Professor in the Department of Political Science at the City College of the City University of New York, where he remained until his retirement at the rank of Full Professor in 1977. During his years at City College, Herz served as Chairman for the Masters Program in International Relations (1953-1977) and also accepted Visiting Professorships at Columbia University, the Graduate Faculty of the New School for Social Research, the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy of Tufts University, the Freie Universität Berlin and the University of Marburg. In addition to his ambitious teaching career, Herz continued his association with Gwendolen Carter and together they published three additional works, which became standard textbooks in U.S. universities: Government and Politics in the Twentieth Century (1961), Documents of Major Foreign Powers (1968) and German Constitutional Documents Since 1871 (1970).
After his retirement in 1977 with the title of Professor Emeritus, Herz became a member of the Center for European Studies at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York and continued to publish books, articles and lecture in the area of political theory and government. In 1984, Herz completed his autobiography, which was published in German as Vom Überleben. Wie ein Weltbild entstand.
John Herz died on December 26, 2005 in Scarsdale, New York.
Chronology of Events: 1908Born September 23 in Düsseldorf as Hans Herz, son of Carl (a judge) and Elizabeth Aschaffenburg Herz. 1915-1927Attended grade school and high school (Gymnasium). 1927-1931Attended universities in Freiburg im Breisgau, Heidelberg, Berlin and Cologne. 1931Awarded Dr. jur. from the University of Cologne, with a dissertation under the direction of Hans Kelsen, Die Identität des Staates, published in Düsseldorf in 1931. 1931-1933Served as Gerichtsreferendar in the courts in Düsseldorf until he was dismissed under racist Nazi legislation in 1933. 1933-1935Worked as attorney's assistant (Wenderoth) in Düsseldorf. 1935Emigrated to Switzerland on student visa. 1935-1938Attended Graduate Institute of International Studies (Institut de Hautes Études Internationales) in Geneva, Switzerland; received a diploma with a thesis on The National Socialist Doctrine of International Law (Die Völkerrechtslehre des Nationalsozialismus), which he published under the pseudonym Eduard Bristler; worked concurrently as a translator for the International Labour Office in Geneva. 1938Emigrated to the United States. 1938-1941Member of the Institute of Advanced Study, Princeton University. 1940 Summer Instructor at Trinity College, Hartford, CT, in the Department of History and Political Science. 1941 June 22Married Anne Klein. 1941-1952Professor, Department of Government, Howard University, Washington, D.C. 1943-1945Served as a political analyst in the Central European Section of the Office of Strategic Services, Washington, D.C. 1944Became U.S. citizen. 1945Aide to U.S. Prosecutor for Nazi Criminality at Nuremberg, Germany. 1946Birth of son, Stephen. 1946-1948Political analyst for the Intelligence and Research Office, U.S. Department of State. 1951Awarded Woodrow Wilson Foundation Book Award for Political Realism and Political Idealism. 1952-1977Associate professor then full professor, Department of Political Science, City College of the City University of New York (teaching courses in international politics, political theory, comparative politics). 1953Summer, consultant to RAND Corporation to conduct a study of the political attitudes of the West German civil service and judiciary. 1953-1954Rockefeller Foundation fellowship. 1953-1977Chairman, Masters Program in International Relations, City College. 1953-1968Visiting Professorships at Columbia University (1957, 1966); New School for Social Research, Graduate Faculty (1953, 1958); Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University (1963); Freie Universität Berlin (1960); Universität Marburg (1968). 1960Fulbright teaching fellowship to teach at Freie Universität Berlin. 1963-1964Rockefeller Foundation fellowship. 1974Awarded the Verdienstkreuz 1. Klasse by the West German government on October 24. 1977Retirement; granted status of Professor Emeritus; member of the Center for European Studies at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York. 1981Carl von Ossietzky Professor at Freie Universität Berlin. 1984Publication of autobiography in German, Vom Überleben. Wie ein Weltbild entstand. 2003Death of wife, Anne Klein Herz. 2005Died on December 26 in Scarsdale, New York.
- Acquisition information:
The bulk of the materials in the collection were donated by John H. Herz in March 1980. Additional materials were added to the collection by Herz up until and immediately following Herz's death in 2005.
The collection is organized as follows:
- Processing information:
Processed in 2010 by Sandra Hunt Hawrylchak.